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'3 in 5 of England’s most deprived boys will be overweight or obese by 2020'

Stark new figures from the Obesity Health Alliance, released on World Obesity Day, show a looming significant weight gap between the poorest and wealthiest primary-school aged boys living in England. Three in five (60%) of the most deprived boys aged 5-11 are predicted to be overweight or obese by 2020, compared to about one in six (16%) of boys in the most affluent group [1]. 

The most deprived girls didn’t however show the same trend, and are projected to have similar obese and overweight prevalence rates to their more affluent counterparts with an average of 1 in 5 girls predicted to be obese or overweight by 2020.

Eating or drinking too much sugar is a key reason for consuming extra calories and therefore a cause of obesity. Sugar currently makes up 13% of children’s daily calorie intake, while the official recommendation is no more than 5% [2]. This is why the Obesity Health Alliance fully supports the Government’s Soft Drinks Industry Levy, which is an important step to help make our children healthier. The alliance is also calling on food manufacturers to comply with the Government’s programme to reduce the sugar in food eaten often by children and wants to see loopholes closed to protect children from exposure to junk food marketing online and on TV.

Robin Ireland, Chief Executive at Health Equalities Group and member of the Obesity Health Alliance, said: “These stats also illustrate an obvious gender gap with boys, especially those from the most deprived areas, much more likely to be obese. Whilst it is difficult to comment on exactly why this happens, there could be a number of reasons including girls usually being more conscious about their physical appearance, and boys being more brand loyal and therefore susceptible to the billions of pounds spent on marketing to children through brand characters and sports stars. Either way, this area needs a lot more attention.”

“From a young age, children are developing a taste for high sugar, salt and fatty foods that is difficult to break once established and as a nation, we all have a responsibility to help shape children’s diets. 

“Sugary drink consumption levels tend to be highest among the most disadvantaged children who are hit hardest by obesity and tooth decay. The health gains from the soft drinks industry levy will be biggest for our most deprived children.”

Obese children are around five times more likely to become obese adults, and obese adults are more likely to develop serious health conditions such as Type 2 diabetes, cancer, liver and cardiovascular disease, and associated mental health problems [3] which all have a devastating impact on millions of lives.

Chris Askew, Chief Executive at diabetes UK, said: “Obesity is a major risk factor in developing Type 2 diabetes, and Type 2 accounts for 9 out of 10 diabetes cases. Treating diabetes and its complications already costs the health service £10 billion a year and the rising cost is placing huge pressure on the NHS.

“Not taking action now will result in the NHS forking out monumental amounts of money for largely preventable conditions. This is why it’s so important to implement the Soft Drinks Industry Levy, manufacture healthier food, and close the loopholes of junk food marketing to children today, so our future health, workforce, and NHS can stand a chance tomorrow.” 


Weight predictions for 5-11 year old boys in least and most deprived groups in England

Males

 

Actual data

Modelled data

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

Least deprived (IMD Q1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Overweight

13%

13%

13%

12%

12%

11%

11%

10%

Obesity

11%

10%

9%

9%

8%

7%

7%

6%

Healthy Weight

76%

77%

78%

79%

80%

81%

82%

83%

 

 

 

 

 

Most deprived (IMD Q5)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Overweight

14%

15%

15%

16%

16%

17%

17%

17%

Obesity

27%

29%

31%

34%

36%

38%

41%

43%

Healthy Weight

59%

56%

53%

51%

48%

45%

42%

40%


Further information:

This modelling was done by UK Health Forum. For more details, please contact Laura Webber, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

[1] The analysis used existing figures of the number of children aged 5-11 who are obese, overweight and a healthy weight, categorised by level of deprivation, and modelled future trends. The data used were on childhood obesity prevalence from 2008 to 2014 taken from the Health Survey for England.  These data were categorised by the factor, Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD). IMD has five levels, with level 1 being least deprived and level 5 being most deprived. 

Projections were made on these data using the calibration measure of uk90 data. The projections were made for the ages of 5-11, with a start year of 2008 and stop year of 2020. 

Data Manipulation

•For IMDQ2, year 2009 data was removed

•The remaining quintiles had their data unaltered

[2] National Diet and Nutrition Survey. Results from Years 5-6 (combined) of the Rolling Programme (2012/13 – 2013/14) https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/551352/NDNS_Y5_6_UK_Main_Text.pdf 

[3] Simmonds, M., et al. (2016). ‘Predicting adult obesity from childhood obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis’. Obesity reviews: an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity’. 17(2): 95-107.

[4] IMD is the Index of Multiple Deprivation set out by the Department for Communities and Local Government.

https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/464430/English_Index_of_Multiple_Deprivation_2015_-_Guidance.pdf

[5] After working out the mean, overall, 36% of the most deprived children are predicted to be overweight or obese compared to just 19% of the most affluent.


Notes to editors:

For further media information please contact Christine Tama, Senior Media Officer at Diabetes UK on 020 3757 7873 or Caroline Cerny, Policy Manager on 020 7832 6928.  


1.       The Obesity Health Alliance (OHA) is a coalition of over 30 leading health charities, campaign groups and Royal Medical Colleges who have joined together to fight obesity.  http://obesityhealthalliance.org.uk/

2.       The membership of the OHA currently comprises: Academy of Medical Royal Colleges, Action on Sugar, Association for the Study of Obesity, British Liver Trust, British Association of Sport and Exercise Medicine , British Heart Foundation, British Medical Association, British Obesity and Metabolic Surgery Society, British Society of Gastroenterology, Cancer Research UK, Children's Food Campaign, Children’s Food Trust, Diabetes UK, Faculty of Public Health, Faculty of Sport and Exercise Medicine, Health Equalities Group, Institute of Health Visiting, Jamie Oliver Food Foundation, National Obesity Forum, Men's Health Forum, Royal College of Anaesthetists, Royal College of General Practitioners , Royal College of Nursing , Royal College of Physicians, Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health , Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, Royal College of Psychiatrists, Royal College of Surgeons of England, Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, Royal Society of Public Health, Society for Endocrinology , UK Health Forum, World Cancer Research Fund UK.

3.       The statement has been issued on the behalf of the Obesity Health Alliance steering group, which comprises of: British Heart Foundation, British Medical Association, Cancer Research UK, Children’s Food Campaign, Diabetes UK, Faculty of Public Health, Royal College of Physicians, Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health and UK Health Forum.

 

 

About the NOF

The National Obesity Forum is a charity which was formed in 2000, with the remit of raising awareness of obesity in the UK and promoting the ways in which it can be addressed. This includes public-facing initiatives and the training of clinicians and healthcare professionals on how to identify and address weight management issues and obesity. The National Obesity Forum campaign to raise public awareness of obesity and the ways it can be tackled through achievable and manageable lifestyle changes.

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Our Partners

The National Obesity Forum is an independent professional organisation. We are however delighted to acknowledge the support, both professional and financial, of other organisations, without which, the work of the NOF would not be possible. In pursuing our aims we have been assisted by, or worked jointly with the following organisations:

  • All-Party Parliamentary Group on Obesity
  • National Institute of Clinical Excellence
  • Royal College of Paediatricians
  • Association for the Study of Obesity
  • National Audit Office
  • Korean Academy of Family Physicians
  • National Association of Primary Care
  • LighterLife UK Limited
  • Roche Products Ltd
  • Abbott Laboratories
  • Slim Fast Foods Ltd
  • Safeway Foods plc
  • Tanita UK Ltd
  • Sanofi-Aventis Ltd
  • Mantis Surgical Equipment Ltd
  • GlaxoSmithKline UK Ltd
  • Canderel
  • British Meat Nutrition Education Services
  • Carlton TV Ltd
  • The Obesity Awareness and Solutions Trust
  • The British Liver Trust.
     
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